How To Use SPIN Selling Effectively In the Modern Day Sales Process

1988 was a memorable year for many reasons. To state a few…

The Iran-Iraq War ended.

The best Christmas movie of all time hit theaters – Die Hard (anybody who says otherwise is wrong!)

Hit songs like Welcome To The Jungle and Never Gonna Give You Up were released.

The late Stephen Hawking published his most famous work, A Brief History of Time.

And for the world of sales, Neil Rackham along with his research team at Huthwaite produced the now-massively popular book, SPIN Selling.

Before SPIN Selling, selling was just ‘selling’. Sales reps mostly concentrated on just closing the deal. However, Neil Rackham in his book proved that these conventional sales tactics worked perfectly for small transactions and proved inefficient for large, complex ones.

Because, unlike small sales where the deal size is small or it is a one-time purchase, most large sales require a healthy relationship between the buyer and seller after the sale. This is because these complex deals involve an extended sales process which consists of multiple decision makers and post-sale support – this is especially relevant if you’re selling a SaaS product or offering a consulting service.

Prior to SPIN Selling, success in sales and all sales training, in general, focused on probing, objection handling, and closing. Spin selling technique clearly established that success in large complex sales does not really materialize from these but from a completely different approach.

SPIN Selling revolutionized the way salespeople sold in general.

However, the turn of the millennium saw the rise in the significance of data and social media which changed the way SPIN Selling technique is being implemented in the modern day sales process.

Here we are going to take a look at how the SPIN selling method can be effectively implemented in the modern day sales process.

Before that, we need to cover what SPIN Selling is exactly.

What is SPIN Selling?

Often misinterpreted as a selling technique, SPIN selling is more of a communication-focused sales methodology which trains the sales reps to ask the right questions which gets the prospect to acknowledge that your product/service is the solution that they need.

This question-based approach is designed to help SDRs engage effectively, build trust, uncover their needs, and help them arrive at a solution for their problems.

SPIN stands for the four stages of questioning in SPIN Selling:

S – Situation Questions

P – Problem Questions

I – Implication Questions

N – Need-Payoff Questions

How Do I Practice Spin Selling?

Spin selling is a communication-focussed sales methodology developed by Neil Rackham in 1988. It consists of different types of questions salespeople can ask prospects to make them better understand their problems and convince them about the need for your product or solution. 

It consists of different types of questions that aim to uncover explicit and implicit needs of a prospect for a solution. Asking these questions helps the salesperson understand their needs deeper and therefore customize their messaging to the needs of the prospect, and prevent objections before they arise.

You can practice spin selling as an SDR or AE during discovery or demo calls. Don’t ask all of these questions right away. Your discovery or demo calls should be a two-way conversation so these questions should come naturally. Keep situational questions to a minimum as the information about their company, processes or tools may already be available on LinkedIn or business intelligence tools like G2 or Zoominfo.  

 Next, uncover their pain points using specific problem questions. Don’t test your prospect’s patience by asking questions like “are you happy with your present vendor?” Instead, dig deeper by asking more relevant questions like “what happens if your current process fails?”

Implication and need payoff questions determine the fate of your sales efforts so don’t throw them around mindlessly.  A product-driven approach isn’t always the best way to do it, as your prospect might find it pushy. Hence, instead of picturing your product as the end of their problems, help them understand the consequences of neglecting them. For example, , “that means you’re missing out on {include the amount} worth opportunities? OR How much does that cost you per year?”

Always ask the questions in a conversational, casual tone of voice almost as if you’re curious to know why. If you ask questions directly from templates, it’ll sound interrogative and you might lose your prospect’s trust. If you’re expecting positive replies from a prospect, ensure that you’ve built trust or a relationship with them otherwise you might come off as intrusive. This may take time, a couple of back and forths of email compliments can do wonders as well. This will show that you care about them and their growth.

Situation Questions

The first line of questioning should be about learning about the prospect and where he/she stands and SPIN Situation Questions helps you do exactly that. These questions will depend on your product and be related to what pain points they are going through.

Situation questions are usually asked during the first stages of the sales process, so gathering information straight from the horse’s mouth is vital.

SPIN Situation Examples

Note that this section is beneficial only to you and the prospect gains nothing from this line of questioning. Make sure to spend as little time as possible here. Asking them generic questions – which can be learned beforehand – will only annoy them.

Problem Questions

The next set of questions will focus on finding the potential areas of opportunities where your product/service can help. To boil it down, it’s finding out what problems/pain points they are suffering from.

Asking the right questions here can sometimes let the prospect know about problems he/she wasn’t aware of before. Bringing forth a new pain point will push them to look for a solution, which you will eventually provide.

SPIN Problem Examples

There is no denying the fact that Problem Questions are important, but the fact that SDRs are trained to spend more time here believing that this is all the information they need is something that needs to change.

This section is only useful when combined with the next two steps.

Implication Questions

After identifying the pain points your prospect is going through, ensure that they understand the negative consequences of this problem if it isn’t dealt with. Using Implication questions you can add weightage to the seriousness of the issue and eventually drive home the point that the needs outweigh the cost of the solution.

Value equalization analog scale as one of the spin selling techniques

SPIN Implication Examples

Implication questions are arguably the most important questions in SPIN selling, for it gives the sales rep valuable information about what the company is going through and how they’re handling their pain points.

For this very reason, sales reps are advised to concentrate more on these questions over the others.

Need-Payoff Questions

This last line of questioning will help bring forth your product’s benefits as a solution to your prospect’s problems. Use Need-Payoff questions to put your product in a favorable light which will help squash any negative opinion the prospect might have.

SPIN Need-Payoff Examples

Need-Payoff questions help grab the prospect’s attention to the solution you’re offering and away from the problems. And these questions get the prospects talking about the benefits your product has.

SPIN Selling in the Modern Age

SPIN Selling has stood the test of time.

Despite being thirty years old, Rackham’s seminal work has continued to be a vital weapon in a sales rep’s arsenal.

Since 1988, SPIN Selling has evolved and especially with data and social media becoming the vanguard in how we do business these days. While the core tenets of the technique have remained constant, the use of technology can help in the easier implementation of this technique in today’s world.

In 2016, Neil Rackham himself addressed the Association of Professional Sales(APS) conference about how SPIN Selling remains highly relevant in the 21st Century.

Infographic of various stages of the SPIN selling technique

Situation and Problem

In today’s world, with the internet and its various tools at your disposal, it’s easy to find information about your prospect, their business, organizational hierarchy and the problems they might have even before you open a dialogue with them.

Social media tools like LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook can be used to learn about the prospect. The various things you learn about them can be used to break the ice and build a good rapport which would make for easier conversations in the coming days.

Using tools like Capterra, G2 crowd or ProductHunt you can read through reviews to find out if their product/service is going through any problems of late. Or you can read the company’s industry-related forums to see if there are any discussions that can shed light on what the current situation of the company is.

You can also use sites like Glassdoor to see if they are hiring and if they are, you can strategize a plan on how your product/service can help them in this.

Now you must be wondering how researching a prospect/company helps SPIN Selling today.

Researching your prospect before starting a conversation allows you to skip a lot of generic Situation and Problem Questions like, Who are your main customers? What are the problems you’re facing right now? Or, What can I do for you? This gives you the opportunity to ask more important questions like,

  • What sales training programs have your salespeople completed?
  • Since this issue has popped up, what steps have you taken?
  • How well are you achieving your sales goals?

Also, approaching your prospect with all the details in hand will not only reduce the unnecessary questions but will show them how serious you’re about this – they will be impressed with the amount of effort you’ve put in which will help you in the long run.

Implication and Need-Payoff

In 2016, at the APS conference, Rackham spoke about his latest research where it showed that top performing salespeople still ask four times as many implication questions than their average peers.

This shows that Implication is still the most important aspect of SPIN selling. They help the prospect visualize the consequences of the problem if they aren’t dealt with. This reinforces the need for a solution – which you will provide by connecting the two; problem and solution.

Prospects still find them far more stimulating and thought-provoking than any other questions and it only makes sense for a sales rep to concentrate on these questions to be more efficient.

Also, technology can help sales reps model out the benefits and payoffs much better today – based on a few inputs from the prospect with more data available – both internally and externally.


Overall in SPIN selling, the Situation and Problem Questions are used to garner information about the prospect and what problems they are facing. This is something you want to find out and by doing research beforehand you can reduce the number of questions here so that you don’t tick off the prospect with the usual humdrum questions and make more time for the next two sections which are the most tricky and important parts.

The Implication and Need-payoff Questions are quite arguably the most important aspects of SPIN selling. This is where the prospect finds out how serious his/her problem is. Be it 1988 or 2022, these two aspects still require a lot of time and effort because they involve making the prospect understand the seriousness of the problem and how your product can help solve this.

What are the Situation questions in SPIN selling?

1. Are you using a tool for {process}?/Are you automating {process}?
2. How are you going to tackle {future problem}?/ How are you bracing yourselves to tackle {future problem}?
3 .Is there a strategy in place for {process}?
4. How important is {tool/strategy/process} for your business. Have you allocated its budget?
5. What drove you to choose {solution} for {problem}? How did you come about choosing {solution} for {problem}?

What are the Problem questions in SPIN selling?

1. How does your team feel about the current {tool/strategy/process}?
2. What happens if your current process for {X} fails?
3. How successful are you at  running your  {process}? How long does it take to do {a specific task involved in the process}?
4. Have you noticed any  new issues because of {problem}?
5. Are you happy with your current {metrics/KPIs}?

What are the Implication questions in SPIN selling?

1. That sounds like a lot of lost opportunity cost. How much do you reckon you could have saved had you opted for a {tool/solution}?
2. How much do you think {running process the old way/problem}  has cost your company?
3. Would your {target audience} be happier if they could avoid {problem}?
4. Do you have to rely on {outsourcing/freelancing} to solve {problem} right now? 5. 5. Do you think that is reliable? 
6. So that means, you might not actually be targeting the right {audience}? Is that why {process} is taking too much{time/effort}?

What are the Need Pay-off questions in SPIN selling?

1. Would solving {problem} help you achieve your goals?
2. How would it help if {problem} is solved in {X} way?
3. What kind of benefits would you like to see from using this {solution}?
4. Do you think your team would find value in this {solution}?
5. If you can optimize/improve {process} by doing X, would you?
In an ideal scenario, when do you think this problem should be solved?

Does Spin Selling Still Work in 2022?

Yes, spin selling still has withstood the test of time, even  in 2022. The method is highly relevant because we live in a commoditized world where the only differentiator between products is their salespeople, says the author Neil Rackham himself. A salesperson can only stand out when they understand the prospects’ problems better than their  competitors. And that’s possible to do if the salesperson uses the spin selling method to uncover the real, hidden problems of their prospects. 

According to Rackham, “the situation questions are actively positively negatively correlated to the success.” In simple words, asking too many situation questions can stop you from building a rapport with your prospect. It gives them the impression that you haven’t done your research and are not into solving their issue.
Problem questions have also evolved in recent years. Nowadays, prospects expect you to proactively give solutions to problems they’ll encounter instead of solving them as and then when they crop up.

Implication and need payoff questions are the most crucial set of questions you should focus on in today’s day and age.. Those questions help prospects gauge the depth of their problems and the value you can deliver to them.

Comments are closed.